GERMAN VERSION REQUIRED
Villa Griffone, the renowned inventor’s family home, is where Guglielmo spent much of his youth and carried out his first successful experiments with the wireless telegraph.
It was here in the so-called “silkworm room” that Marconi began experimenting with electricity at about the age of 15, and finally carried out his historic wireless communication experiment, successfully sending a signal over Celestine Hill, which faces the villa, in 1895 when he was only 21.
The park also houses part of the relic of Marconi’s yacht, Elettra, which he purchased after the war and adapted as a floating laboratory in which to carry out his experiments in telephony, or the transmission of sound and voice by means of short and medium waves.
Adjacent to the villa is the mausoleum where the remains of Marconi and his wife are held.
Inside the museum are a number of functioning, accurate reconstructions of scientific apparatuses of the 1800s located in a series of rooms, each dedicated to one of the fundamental landmarks in the history of electricity. Alongside these, the history of telecommunications in the 20th century is explained, with particular emphasis on the evolution from telegraphs to radios to broadcasting.
Today Villa Griffone is under the management of the Marconi Foundation and, in addition to the museum, is also home to two important radio communications research center.
From Fiesole to Felsina, the Etruscan travelled it for upgrade their trades and promote their dominion of Pianura Padana for 4 century (VII-VI sec. a.C.).
After that the Roman founded in 189 a.C. the colony of Bononia, felt the need of provide a link from Arezzo to Rome through the Apennines and they built, on the Etruscan path, a real road.
In the middle age too, this ancient way, the easiest path for the Apennines, was travelled on foot or on horseback by many travellers. So, the roman pavement is replaced by a simply path without pavement, narrower, used by travellers who needs to travel this road.
Why his name is Via degli Dei? Because the path traversed many locality like Monte Adone, Monzuno (Mons Iovis, Jupiter’s mountain), Monte Venere and Monte Lunario ( Lua was the roman goddess of atonement).
The Via degli Dei, today, is one of the principal tourist attractions of Apennines: a lot of hikers and mountain bikers trace this piece of history while enjoying the full beauty of these uncontaminated places.
The steps from Bologna to Firenze are 4 or more walking (depending on the skill of walker), or 2 or more by bike, the travel isn’t difficult.
We will divide the path in sections and not in stages to allow freedom for all walkers to build its own path.
This Roman aqueduct is a record-holder: more than 2000 years old, it is the only one still perfectly functioning and to this day it brings water from the Setta River into about one fifth of Bolognese homes.
Since the waters of the Aposa River, the only one running through the center of Bologna, were deemed insufficient, and those of the Reno too hard, Roman hydraulic engineers decided to bring in the clear, fresh, sweet waters of the Setta.
Around the year 15 B.C. they planned a tunnel dug into the sandstone and clay hills along the right bank of the river, just before it runs into the Reno.
Almost 19 km long, it took 20 teams to build it, each made up of dozens of men, working in shifts, over what was probably a period of 12 years.
The aqueduct was built in sections. Each section was dug by two teams going down the same hole, then digging in opposite directions for about 80 m until they met the team who had started further up or further down the line.
It remained in use until the 4th century A.D., when the Barbaric invasions led to the fall of the Roman Empire in the west.
Sasso Marconi, close to Bologna, was a special place for the rich and noble families from Bologna who leaves the city to spend the summer in a cooler place. Among the most interesting structures which they were inhabited by the noble families of yore remember De’Rossi Palace and the Borgo di Colle Ameno.
Bologna is the principal city (capital) of the Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy. Bologna is a lively and cosmopolitan Italian college city, with spectacular history, art, cuisine, music, and culture. It is the seventh largest city in terms of population in Italy and it is the heart of a metropolitan area (officially recognized by the Italian government as a metropolitan city) of about 1,000,000 inhabitants. The urban sprawl of Bologna, including nearby Modena, whose metropolises are adjoining, is continuously expanding.
An important cultural and artistic center, its importance in terms of landmarks can be attributed to homogenous mixture of monuments and architectural examples (medieval towers, antique buildings, churches, the layout of its historical center) as well as works of art which are the result of a first class architectural and artistic history. Bologna is also an important transportation crossroad for the roads and trains of Northern Italy, where many important mechanical, electronic and nutritional industries have their headquarters. According to the most recent data gathered by the European Regional Economic Growth Index (E-REGI) of 2009, Bologna is the first Italian city and the 47th European city in terms of its economic growth rate.
Bologna is home to prestigious cultural, economic and political institutions as well as one of the most impressive trade fair districts in Europe. In 2000 it was declared European capital of culture and in 2006, a UNESCO “city of music”. The city of Bologna was selected to participate in the Universal Exposition of Shanghai 2010 together with 45 other cities from around the world. Bologna is also one of the wealthiest cities in Italy, often ranking as one of the top cities in terms of quality of life in the country: it was ranked 5th in 2006, and 12th in 2007, out of 103 Italian cities. In 2011 Bologna was ranked 1st out of 107 Italian cities.